About Everest Base Camp Trek
Everest Base Camp Trek is a bucket-list trek for mountain enthusiasts all over the world. This 15-day trek gives you to once in a lifetime experience of living in the isolated parts of the Himalayas surrounded by astounding views of the mountains. This trekking package starts and ends from the hustle and bustle of Kathmandu and takes you up to 5555 meters at the top of Kalapatthar.
Everest Base Camp lies inside the Sagarmatha National Park, home to many mountains higher than 8000 meters, various species of plants and animals, as well as groups indigenous to the area, like the Sherpas.
The Everest Base Camp Trek itinerary is designed to take you through many unique villages, scenic valleys, rhododendron, oak and pine forests, and exhilerating suspension bridges over raging rivers. This trek also allows you be a part of the amazing Sherpa culture as you visit monasteries and live among the villagers to witness their way of life. With the combined effort of experienced guides and your persistence, trekking to Everest Base Camp can give you one of the best experiences of your life.
The Route to Everest Base Camp
The typical Everest Base Camp Trek starts from Lukla. You will walk towards Phakding first and trek to Namche the next day. You will take a rest day for acclimatization rest in Namche Bazaar and continue trekking to Tengboche and Dingboche the following day. At Dingboche, you will take your second acclimatization rest and continue the trek the next day. You will then trek to Lobuche and Gorak Shep. Gorak Shep will be your last stop before making the final push to Everest Base Camp and Kalapatthar.
Depending on your interest, you can follow the same route to return back or take a slightly different route. If you take a different route, you will descend to Pheriche from Gorak Shep and stay at Pheriche. The next day, you will trek to Namche to Phortse.
Everest Base Camp Trek falls under the strenuous grade. Strenuous treks demand a high level of strength and physical fitness. That being said, people of all ages and capabilities have managed to complete the Everest Base Camp Trek without issue. Among the 15 days of trekking, you will walk for an average of 5-6 hours a day. Some days require you to walk as little as 3 hours, while other days you need to walk for about 8 hours.
The terrain of the Everest Base Camp trekking trail varies from beginning until the end. Some routes are flat and even and you can cover up to 4 kilometers in an hour. However, some uphill climbing on the rocky stretches slow you down. The trail gets tough as you approach the Base Camp when you have to walk next to a glacier.
Altitude sickness is another thing to be careful about during this trek. Cardio exercises, hiking, kayaking, etc. one month prior to the trip can help you prepare for the trek.
Weather and Temperature
Weather conditions in the Everest region depend upon the season. During spring and autumn, the weather conditions are stable and calm, providing the clearest mountain views. Nights can get a bit chilly but the temperature is bearable. During the day, you can complete the trek easily with just shorts and a t-shirt on. You may need a down jacket while trekking at high altitudes and/or fleece during the evenings and early mornings.
During winter, the days are cold and windy and nights are even colder. The temperature level drops to below freezing point. There might even occur episodes of snowfall and snow blizzard in the high altitude region. Summer trekking is also possible but the temperature drops low during rainfall and might be hot the other time. You also have to prepare for the rainy days to keep yourself and your belongings dry or waterproof.
During the Everest Base Camp Trek, you will have two types of accommodation. During your days in Kathmandu, you will stay at a 3-star hotel and during the trek, you will stay at tea houses. These tea houses are run by local people and provide you with minimalistic but proper services and clean beds. The room will either be private or on a twin or triple sharing basis.
Food and Water
Your hotel in Kathmandu provides you breakfast while for other meals, you are recommended to try other restaurants in the city providing amazing multi-cuisine food.
Tea houses along the trail provide food rich in carbohydrates and protein. As the trekking takes you to higher places, there will be fewer food options to choose from. For three meals, there is food like noodles, pasta, rice, vegetables, dal bhat, eggs, etc. At Lukla and Namche, you can find additional food like bakery items, pizzas, and beverages.
Three meals, breakfast, dinner, and lunch are included in the package while you have to carry extra snacks you need like chocolates and energy bars. You can also buy some snacks on tea houses which may cost you more. Tea house where you have your meal allow you to fill your water bottles while you can refill your bottles with tap water and use the water purification pill as well.